Sept 2-4, 2016 at Douglas, WY

It's an Adventure Race.
With Guns.

You and your partner will undergo tests involving: land navigation; practical shooting with long-range rifle, carbine, and pistols; fieldcraft; problem solving; and other related tasks.

Two-man teams will be required to navigate at least 25 miles on foot to complete the course.

Along the way, there will be a series of tasks to accomplish to gain additional points. These tasks may include: shooting problems with long-range rifle, carbine, and pistols; problem-solving; physical challenges; fieldcraft; communication; target recognition; memory; and other tasks.
OFFICIAL Targetry Systems - AA Targets
OFFICIAL Media Sponsor - Contingency X
OFFICIAL Unimount Sponsor - Badger Ordnance
OFFICIAL CD Holster Sponsor - 303 Arms

What do these ratings mean?
   Physical Difficulty: 10 (Extreme)
   Marksmanship Complexity: 5 (Moderate)

The objective for a team is to acquire the most points while limiting the number of point penalties incurred. The team with the most points will win. Teams must carry all the gear they use to complete land navigation and all tasks, though it may be abandoned at any time. Teams must carry one long-range rifle, one carbine, and two pistols for the entire course. Refer to the Required Gear List for items required for all teams/competitors. All other gear is left to the discretion of the team based on the task briefing. This information will be posted to this web site far in advance of the match date.


For 2016, we are keeping the SAC in Douglas WY; however, we have negotiated access to additional neighboring properties. Thus, the vast majority of the land nav problems for 2016 will be on property that no SAC competitor has ever set foot on.


  • Match duration: roughly 24-40 hours
  • 2-man teams
  • Baseline land navigation of roughly 25 miles
  • Bonus land-navigation points available
  • Rough high desert terrain
  • GPS prohibited for land nav - Required to bring as emergency equipment
  • No support crew will be permitted.
  • Field shooting challenges include long-range shooting, precision shooting, assault stages, target identification and shoot/no-shoot decisions, and related problems
  • Approximate maximum target distances: rifle 1500 yards; carbine 500; pistol 100
  • Unknown, various, and non-standard target sizes
  • Max long-range rifle caliber .338 LM, minimum 6mm
  • Max carbine caliber, .300WSM; max barrel length 20 inches (not including suppressor or muzzle brake), minimum caliber .223
  • Challenges may include lock picking, escape and evasion, radio communications, basic codebreaking, problem solving, physical field tasks, basic climbing, signalling, surveillance, etc
  • Night vision optics not required and not permitted
  • Almost all targetry will be reactive armor steel plate
  • Round count (minimums): Long-range rifle: approx 50; carbine: approx 100; pistol: approx 100.
  • All teams will be required to bring a SPOT tracker that is registered with the match so we can track all teams in real time. SPOT II/Gen2 or SPOT III/Gen3 recommended. Other models may not work well or be compatible with our tracking system. A SPOT that requires another device (such as a phone for bluetooth) is NOT RECOMMENDED.
  • Radio deposit/rental: $100 cash or check deposit required for radio. Will be returned upon receipt of working radio.
  • T-shirts will be available for a reasonable price prior to the event


Posted By: Zak Smith on September 6, 2016

Congratulations to all competitors who attempted the 2016 Darrin Fink Memorial Sniper Adventure Challenge. Just showing up to the SAC shows an exceptional level of commitment. Finishing the SAC is a significant accomplishment and demonstrates a level of skill, wits, and fitness that very few people on the planet strive to, let alone achieve.



Our goal is to create and run the best events. Please email us with feedback on how you think we can make our future events better.


Thanks to the landowners, Travis, Dana, the State of Wyoming, and Lyndon Fink (and Darrin, in spirit). They own this awesome venue and are kind enough to let us run events here.

Thanks to the main staff, Jimmy, Casey. These guys take on responsibility for major parts of match setup and operations.

Thanks to the RO’s: Stan, Sutherland, Zach, Brett, Scot, Rocky, Nick, Murph, Jason, Mario, Ned, Vernon, Keith, Darin T., Ed, Cheryl, Ron, Bill, Chris, Nico, and the crew from Focuss Group Special thanks to Scot for bringing a big crew and doing a fantastic job on Comms.

Thanks to the medical staff: Dr. Bruce, Kyle, Dr. Keith, Chris, and Nick. The SAC could not happen without having you on-hand ready to handle medical issues. You do a great job.

Thanks to our sponsors- TBAC, AA Target, Alexander Arms, Burris, Con-X, Focuss, Hill People Gear, La Sportiva, Machinegun Tours, US Optics, Badger Ordnance, XS Sights, Hornady, 303 Arms, AttackPak, Bison Tactical, Lapua, Sierra, Tactical Medical Solutions, The Tactical Medic, VTAC, ZEV. We will follow up with some SPOT analysis data within the next week.

Thanks to Austin Angus (AA Targets) for building us Darrin’s memorial plaque. Thanks to Travis Wills for hosting the BBQ.

The SAC Staff


SAC Update

Posted By: Zak Smith on September 5, 2016

Thanks to everyone for a great SAC this year. Staff is just returning home and we’ll get results and other information online as soon as we can.



Posted By: Zak Smith on September 1, 2016

Here’s the SPOT tracker for the 2016 SAC, 2016 SAC SPOT LINK. Data will become visible starting tomorrow morning.



Posted By: Zak Smith on August 31, 2016

Here’s an update on CD’s Memorial BBQ & Shoot honoring Darrin Fink. It is open to any shooters or friends of Darrin who want to come.

We will start the Memorial BBQ at Noon Sunday, with food starting on the grill at that time.

At about 2-4 PM, we will open the “DRM” Rifle Stages for open (supervised) shooting. If you plan to shoot some DRM stages, please don’t consume alcohol until after you’ve finished shooting and are back at the BBQ area.

From 4pm onward, it’s refreshment time.

We’ll have the BBQ at the SAC HQ, which will be at Travis’s place.

See you this weekend.



Posted By: Zak Smith on August 29, 2016

Here are some last-minute notes for SAC competitors:

1. You need to have tested your water purification devices and processes before you show up. A significant portion of “available water” on this course will be from natural sources. Think “expedition style” as opposed to water tanks everywhere. There is a lot of natural water on the course and you will need to be able to use it.

2. There is no place to check zero or sight in once on site. Show up ready to shoot for score.

3. Check-in will be available 5-7pm THURSDAY ONLY. Check-in is required prior to 7:00 PM THURSDAY if you want to race. All competitors and guests on-site must sign waivers and get a wrist band.

4. At check-in, you will get a race packet that outlines the procedures and scoring. Read how scoring works. There will be an opportunity to have questions answered Thursday before 7pm and Friday morning at muster.

5. Muster at 8:00 AM Friday, ready to race. (All firearms to be “cold.”)

6. The parking location will be at 646 Wagon Hound Rd, Douglas Wy. Park on the south side of Wagon Hound Rd right across from the Wills Ranch sign (it says “Travis & Brayden”), on the E and W side of the driveway. Once the event begins you will not be permitted access to your vehicles until you finish or quit.

7. For check-in on Thursday ONLY, you may drive up to the check-in area. It is the yard surrounded by the houses and barns. 461220 4721283

8. Remember, you will need to bring a check or cash for $100 (exact change please) for your radio deposit. This will be returned when you turn in your (working) radio. Radio deposits will be exchanged for radios ONLY on Sunday prior to awards.

9. No team will be allowed to start the race without a SPOT registered with us and functioning in TRACK mode as of Friday morning 8:00 AM. Teams without a working spot will not be permitted to continue on any land nav Missions.

10. On Friday, turn on your SPOT trackers and activate TRACK mode at 7:30 AM. This will give us plenty of time to get a few points from all teams’ SPOTS to ensure everyone is tracking.

11. In a few days, we will post the public SPOT TRACKER URL. This is the live map your fans at home can watch. No points will be displayed with timestamps before Friday at 0700.

12. We will have match T-shirts available for $20 cash (please bring exact change) at check-in, first come first serve on available sizes.


15. The core staff will be heading up to Douglas Wed AM. Once we are on-site, communications are very difficult. I will check my email and voicemail about twice a day and do my best to get back to you.

16. SPOT issues will be VERY difficult to resolve once on-site. PLEASE MAKE SURE WE HAVE YOUR TEAM ONLINE.



Posted By: Zak Smith on August 25, 2016

The SLEEP INN in Douglas has a “CD Match Rate” of $79 + tax for any remaining matches in Douglas this year.



Posted By: Zak Smith on August 22, 2016

We are heartbroken to convey the news of Darrin Fink’s passing. Darrin was a dear friend of all of us here at CD and his death diminishes the shooting community as a whole. His generosity was unmatched. We considered him a brother.

Darrin loved the concept and challenges of the SAC and the upcoming SAC will be renamed to the “DARRIN FINK MEMORIAL SNIPER ADVENTURE CHALLENGE.”

CD will be holding a Memorial BBQ for Darrin on Sunday Sept 4th, starting just after noon. This is right after the SAC awards and is open to any shooters or friends of Darrin who want to come and share memories. We will be grilling and will have refreshments, but please bring anything special you’d like to. Overnight camping will be available on an ad-hoc basis if anyone wants to crash for the night and drive home safely on Monday.

Funeral arrangements have not yet been arranged by the family. We will follow up to this post when more information is available.


SAC Competitors - Send us your SPOT ID's now!

Posted By: Zak Smith on August 10, 2016


Like last year, we are going to use live SPOT tracking of competitors during the Sniper Adventure Challenge for safety, logistics, and spectators.

In order for this to work, we need a link to each team’s “Shared Page” from the SPOT site. Here are the instructions:

  1. One team member please complete and send us the following:
  2. Log into the “My Account” section on findmespot.com
  3. Go to the “Share” tab.
  4. You need to use or create a “Shared Page” and then click on the name of the shared page, and it will take you to a page with a URL that looks like this:
    A password is NOT required, but if you have one, send us the password also.

  5. Turn on your SPOT tracker, and put it somewhere where it has good GPS reception
  6. Press and hold the “Footprint” button until it blinks with the POWER button/light.
  7. Let the SPOT sit in a good-reception area for 1-2 hours.
  8. SEND US THE URL from STEP #4, along with your Confirmation Code

    Note: only send us the URL after the SPOT has been on and the footprint button/light flashing for 1-2 hours

    For example:

    TEAM: Smith / Sanchez
    URL: http://share.findmespot.com/shared/faces/viewspots.jsp?glId=0ZMcLvSXpEPWpQSrWEziD7p9qj5v39cpx

    SEND TO zak@competition-dynamics.com

These steps will allow us to get everyone’s SPOTs into our tracking system and tested prior to the event so we don’t have last minute technical difficulties.

SPOT II/Gen2 or SPOT III/Gen3 recommended. You need to be able to activate “TRACK MODE” via a button on the device (the “Footprint” icon). Other models may not work well or be compatible with our tracking system. A SPOT that requires another device (such as a phone for bluetooth) is NOT RECOMMENDED. NOT RECOMMENDED: SPOT Trace, SPOT Global Phone, SPOT Connect, SPOT HUG.




Posted By: Zak Smith on August 3, 2016

The entirety of the SAC “should” be contained within the rectangle defined by a NW corner at 454000 4727000 and a SE corner at 469000 4714000


SAC Questions

Posted By: Zak Smith on April 30, 2016

I recently got these questions from a 2016 competitor,

What is the average distance between waypoints and what scale map will you be using? Thanks for the help.

You can probably deduce some of that from these maps

Also this post,

The map scale is still not finalized due to expansion of the target area


Flares requirement update for SAC

Posted By: Zak Smith on April 7, 2016

Our favorite pen flare, Tru-Flare, seems to be extremely hard to find, and it’s possible the company is out of business (their website has been down for some time).

If you cannot find another pen-style aerial flare to satisfy the required gear list, we are going to permit the substitution of an aerial marine or other style flare system as long it will achieve an altitude of at least 200 feet and have a burn time of at least 4 seconds.


La Sportiva to be OFFICIAL FOOTWEAR Sponsor for 2016

Posted By: Zak Smith on February 19, 2016


We are pleased to announce that La Sportiva is the OFFICIAL FOOTWEAR Sponsor of the 2016 COMPETITION DYNAMICS season!

La Sportiva, with US operations based in Boulder, Colorado, is a global manufacturer of premier outdoor gear and is best known for their world-class mountaineering, hiking, and trail-running footwear. Their Nepal EVO boot is probably the most-recognized modern mountaineering boot in the world and you’d be hard pressed to find a Crossfit Gym around the country in which there aren’t a few people wearing their Crosslites.

Speaking personally, I have been spending my own money on La Sportiva mountaineering boots and trail-running shoes since the late 2000’s. They are simply my “go-to” footwear for active endeavors.


La Sportiva will be sponsoring our prize tables throughout the 2016 season as well as offering a very special discount package for 2016 COMPETITION DYNAMICS Range Officers.

Venue: Private 25,000+ acre ranches near Douglas, WY.

Check-in will be available 5-7pm THURSDAY ONLY.
Remember that no team will be allowed to start without a working/tracking SPOT tracker.
Muster at 8:00 AM Friday with all gear and ready to go. Directions to check-in will be sent via email the week before the event.
AWARDS 10 AM Sunday.


  1. Violation of any safety rule will result in match disqualification (DQ).
  2. USPSA safety rules are the baseline for safety at this match.
  3. Competitors shall practice good muzzle control and firearm safety at all times. Competitors that do not handle their weapons safely will be disqualified from competing further in the match with no refund of match fees.
    1. Do not ever allow the muzzle of your weapons to point at anyone.
    2. Do not load your weapons until directed to do so by a range officer.
    3. Do not put your finger on the trigger until your sights are aligned with your target.
    4. Obey all Range Officer commands immediately.
  4. In addition to the USPSA definition of an Accidental Discharge, the stage RO may call an A.D. using his own judgement. Example: if the competitor was clearly not engaging a target. Any round that does not impact within 10 yards of the target the competitor is engaging is declared to be an AD.
  5. The entire competition area is a "cold range."
    1. No firearms may be loaded at the match site except under the direct command of a RO.
    2. Long-guns shall be kept unloaded in cases or on a designated rack, and carried muzzle up or muzzle down and the action open.
    3. "Sweeping" any person with a weapon's muzzle will result in immediate D.Q.
  6. All firearms must have a functioning safety, subject to verification by an RO at any time. (A pistol that has not had any factory safety devices disabled will be considered to have a safety for the purpose of this rule.)
  7. Any firearm or ammunition deemed by any RO or match staff to be "unsafe" for any reason may not be used in the match until a determination is made by the match director that it may continue
  8. Any firearm that can be demonstrated by any RO or match staff to have a hammer/striker that will fall without the trigger being pressed shall be deemed unsafe and may not be used in the match until repaired.
  9. Any rifle slung must have an empty chamber, unless directed by the stage RO.
  10. No person shall consume or be under the influence of alcohol or non-prescription drugs at the match site. Any person found to be impaired and unsafe as a result of legitimate prescription drugs may be directed to stop shooting and requested to leave the range.
  11. Eye and ear protection is mandatory.
  12. This match includes dynamic shooting in natural terrain. Match staff will communicate what are safe directions to point firearms while shooting, or while waiting. This will typically be presented during a stage or match briefing. The competitor shall note and obey the safe muzzle direction guidelines.


  1. Each team shall be comprised of two competitors.
  2. One shooter shall be designated the "rifle shooter," and one shooter shall be designated the "carbine shooter."
  3. Targets designated as rifle targets may only be engaged by the rifle shooter, with his rifle.
  4. Targets designated as carbine targets may only be engaged by the carbine shooter, with his carbine.
  5. Each shooter shall shoot the same firearms for the entire match.
  6. For the purposes the preceding rule, the "same firearm" shall be defined by a specific combination of caliber, receiver, barrel, stock, grips, sighting device.
  7. Unless otherwise directed by the stage RO, team members will stay within arms'-reach while shooting on all stages. Every shot fired without team members in this proximity will incur a procedural penalty.
  8. For a team to be scored as "completed" for a task or nav point, both team members but be present within arms' reach.
  9. While travelling, team members must be within 7 yards of each other at all times, unless directed otherwise by match staff or briefing.


  1. All equipment on the Required Gear List must be carried at all times.
  2. Rifle
    1. Minimum caliber: .243/6mm
    2. Maximum caliber: .338LM
    3. Maximum muzzle velocity: 3200fps
    4. Ammunition subject to verification by chronograph at any time
  3. Carbines
    1. Minimum caliber: .223/5.45
    2. Maximum caliber: 300WSM
    3. Loaded cartridge OAL not to exceed 2.90"
    4. Barrel length not to exceed 20"
    5. Maximum muzzle velocity: 3200fps
    6. Ammunition subject to verification by chronograph at any time
  4. Pistols
    1. Minimum caliber: 9mm Luger
    2. Maximum muzzle velocity 1750 fps
    3. Must be carried in a holster that will retain the pistol during vigorous activity.
    4. Holster may be "mounted" to your person or to your pack only. If it is mounted to the pack, it may only be mounted on a waist belt in such a manner that it can be drawn by the competitor without removing his pack. Any holster connected to the pack waist-belt must be a closed retention-style flap holster*. Cross-draw configurations are not allowed regardless of where the holster is mounted. (* For the purposes of this rule, a holster is a flap holster if it has a movable part that covers the rear of the pistol and physically prevents the pistol from leaving the holster, and is held in position by some mechanism such as a hook, latch, button, etc. A retention holster without a rear flap does not qualify.)
    5. Pistol must be in safe operating condition
    6. Pistol must not exceed USPSA's "Limited" division specifications. Pistol-mounted lights are allowed.
  5. When selecting your rifle and carbine choices, keep in mind that the majority of targets will be reactive armor steel plates. If your load does not have enough momentum to cause a hit indication that is detectable by a spotter, your shot will be counted as a miss. For reference, .243 is known to have acceptible target indication for rifle, and .223 is known to have acceptible target indication for carbine targets.
  6. Any shooting accessories may be used provided they are carried by the team during every stage. Accessories include but are not limited to:
    1. bipods , bags, shooting sticks, slings, jackets, gloves, or other shooting support devices
    2. optics such as spotting scopes, binoculars, and range-finders
    3. secondary optics for use on rifle or carbine
  7. Ammunition that must be "fired" to be unloaded once chambered is declared to be unsafe and may not be used in this match. All firearms must be able to be completely unloaded without firing a round.
  8. No steel core, steel jacketed, armor piercing, incendiary or tracer bullets are permitted.
  9. Teams violating Equipment Rules will be subject to scoring and/or monetary penalties. Fines will be assessed if target damage occurs due to: forbidden bullet types (AP, steel, tracer, etc); disallowed calibers; or exceeding the muzzle velocity limits.
  10. In the interest of fairness to all competitors, active night vision devices (night vision optics) are not permitted.
  11. GPS devices not permitted for land nav.
  12. Electronic maps are not permitted.
  13. All two-way communications devices are prohibited, other than SPOT trackers and radio gear provided by the match. This means cell phones are prohibited. One-way PLB's are permitted.
  14. Each team must bring a GPS to be used for emergencies only. It will be sealed pursuant to the following rule:
  15. GPS, cell phones, and other communications devices may be brought and used for emergencies only, or to coordinate extraction if a team quits. All such devices shall be powered off and sealed in a container by match staff prior to the event. Use of any such device during the match shall incur an extreme scoring penalty. If the sealed container is opened, that is considered proof of use. The Match Director has sole discretion to waive this penalty for any team that uses these devices to render emergency aid to any person during the match.
  16. Note: there is nothing that prohibits "PDA" style ballistic computers, provided that they have no two-way communications capability, no GPS capability, and no stored maps. (For the purpose of this rule, hardware support for a capability means the device has the capability even if it can be disabled in software.)


The objective is to obtain the most points while completing the course or within the time limit. The match packet that you get during check-in will detail the point values for completing different parts of the course and what conditions must be "met" in order to receive points. Likewise, it will detail the penalties for skipping or otherwise failing to follow the briefing and meet the objectives. In general, the way to obtain the most points will be to achieve the mandartory checkpoints in order without skipping any; to do well at the shooting stages and challenges; and to achieve as many of the bonus checkpoints as you can.

Note: rules are subject to change up until the match date.

These items are mandatory. There are no optional items on this list. Failure to comply will result in disqualification and removal from the course. Inspections can occur at anytime during the race. You may bring any additional items that are not prohibited by the rules. This list is not intended to name everything that will ensure success.

You may bring anything additional allowed by the rules to be placed in your military duffel bag to be cached at a predetermined resupply point along the course; however, the items in the mandatory gear list must be on your person or personal gear at all times. It would be a good idea to plan to pack additional water, food, and additional personal care items in the resupply duffel.

There are inherent risks in adventure racing and any shooting activity. It is ultimately each team's and individual's responsibility to provide for their own safety. It is your responsibility to come prepared both mentally and physically, and with the right gear, to survive.

Team Gear - One Set Required per Team

  1. 6x 4-foot lengths of 1 inch tubular nylon
  2. 1x military style duffel bag (will contain items you wanted preplaced at a resupply cache location).
  3. 1x shovel
  4. 1x pen type flare launcher with 6 flares. tru-flare recommended
  5. 1x GPS with batteries (will be sealed by staff along with cell phones - for emergency use only)
  6. You may be issued additional items by staff prior to or during the challenge, for example: radio, 24HSAC "passport"
  7. At least 6 high-energy "AA" batteries
  8. $100 for the radio deposit
  9. SPOT personal tracker with tracking enabled. These can be rented for approximately $35/week from a variety of vendors. We will need your SPOT shared URL code 3 weeks before the SAC. SPOT II/Gen2 or SPOT III/Gen3 recommended. Other models may not work well or be compatible with our tracking system. A SPOT that requires another device (such as a phone for bluetooth) is NOT RECOMMENDED.

Individual Gear - To be carried by each team member

  1. eye and ear protection
  2. 1 poncho/tarp (must be sturdy enough to carry casualty)
  3. 1 hydration system, at least 3 liters total
  4. 1 (at least) head lamp, tactical light or utility light with extra batteries
  5. 1 military-style emergency strobe light - white (emergency use only) - SDU-5/E or MS-2000 or equivalent (the white strobe must have 250,000 peak lumens and a rate of between 40 and 60 flashes per minute.)
  6. 1 red flashing strobe bike-type light (to worn in the hours of darkness)
  7. 1 reflective belt to be worn on around the rucksack
  8. 1 emergency space blanket
  9. 1 compass (not digital or a wrist compass)
  10. 1 firesteel type fire starter or magnesium block
  11. 1 survival mirror
  12. 1 pack of water purification tablets or filter
  13. 1 whistle (always with you - not tucked in pack)
  14. 1 watch set accurately to local time
  15. 1 trauma kit, to include at minimum:
    1. 1 pack of Halo chest seals (2 in a pack)
    2. 1 nasophargyl airway
    3. 1 H compression bandage
    4. 1 combat gauze
    5. 1 roll of kerlex
    6. 1 CAT tourniquet
    7. 1 pair medical gloves
    If you don't already have an trauma kit assembled to bring up to spec, we recommend buying one from Dark Angel Medical
  16. 1 first aid kit, to include at minimum
    1. anti-diarrhea tablets (6)
    2. electrolyte replacement tabs or rehydration salts (10)
    3. painkiller - Ibuprofen, Advil, etc. (6)
    4. benadryl or antihistamine (6)
    5. antacid tablets (8)
    6. decongestant tablets (8)
    7. 4x4 gauze pads (4)
    8. 1-inch bandages (8)
    9. 1-inch waterproof adhesive tape - 3 feet (1)
    10. moleskin or blister treatment (5)
    11. needle (1)
    12. tweezers (1)
    13. 2 oz betadine, antibiotic ointment packets or tube (1)
    14. scissors (1)
    15. epinephrine - If known ANAPHYLACTIC team member
    If you don't have a first-ait kit already assembled for the basis of your 24HSAC kit, we recommend starting with one of the Adventure Medical Kits (Ultralite) and adding the extra items to bring it up to our spec.
  17. 1 ID packet including your full contact info, your partner's info and any other trip companions, and at least two emergency contacts, and any relevant personal medical information
  1. 1x long-range rifle, to be carried by the designated long-range rifle shooter.
  2. 1x carbine, to be carried by the designated carbine shooter.
  3. 2x pistols, one to be carried by each team member in a secure holster. See holster rules for acceptable carry setups.
  4. all carbine and pistol cartridges must be carried loaded in magazines. At least one magazine for each must be accessible without digging into the rucksack.
  5. both long guns must be equipped with slings appropriate for safe carry.
  6. note: all firearms will be carried unloaded until directed by a range officer to load
The following items are not mandated by rules but are strongly recommended.
  1. 1 pair of long pants (can be worn)
  2. 1 shirt, long or short sleeved (can be worn)
  3. 1 pair of close-toed shoes or boots (can be worn)
  4. 1 rain/water proof jacket
  5. 1 long sleeve polypro or fleece
  6. 1 wool or polypro beanie
  7. 2 pairs of hiking socks (1 can be worn)
  8. 1 pair of sturdy gloves (flight gloves, mechanix etc.)